Hemorrhoid is a common medical condition, experienced by a number of people at some point in their life. Hemorrhoids are characterized by swollen anal veins that can cause symptoms like pain, irritation or itching, lump near the rectum, bleeding and in some cases prolapse.
While hemorrhoids can be quite uncomfortable they can also be treated easily with the help of over the counter medications like hemorrhoid cream and ointments or natural home. Only in severe cases will you need a hemorrhoidectomy. Here are all the ways in which you can treat hemorrhoids.
– Sitz Bath
Sitz Bath is a shallow bath that is often placed in the toilet to soak hemorrhoid affected area and it can offer temporary relief from the pain and swelling caused by hemorrhoids. Do this for 15 minutes at least three to four times a day.
– Witch Hazel
Witch Hazel is one of the most prominent home remedies used for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Witch Hazel is also present in many of the over the counter creams for hemorrhoids.
– Epsom salt and glycerin
A topical application formulated with Epsom salt and glycerin can offer a significant amount of relief from hemorrhoid symptoms.
– Psyllium husk
This is another effective home remedy for hemorrhoids. Incorporate psyllium husk in your everyday diet to decrease the risk of hemorrhoids.
Over the counter treatments
– Hemorrhoid ointments
Hemorrhoid cream or ointments are basically topical solutions used to ease the swelling, itching, and irritation caused by hemorrhoids. Apply the cream directly to hemorrhoid affected area.
– Hemorrhoid suppositories
Suppositories are solid medicines for the treatment of hemorrhoids. These suppositories are inserted inside the rectum, where they gradually dissolve and absorbed within the lining of the anus. Different suppositories have different purposes. While some help in relieving swelling and irritation, some are designed to offer relief from co9nstipation as well.
– Hemorrhoid wipes
When you’re suffering from hemorrhoids, using regular wipes can cause irritation and further worsen the hemorrhoids. Also, perfumed and alcohol-based wipes are a big no when it comes to hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoid wipes are medicated wipes that are designed specially to be used during hemorrhoids.
– Hemorrhoid pads
Hemorrhoid hygiene pads are medicated pads that are designed to soothe the hemorrhoid-induced symptoms like burning and itching. Although these pads do not cure hemorrhoids, they offer a sufficient amount of relief from the symptoms.
In severe cases when the hemorrhoids bleed too much or there has been prolapse of the hemorrhoids, the doctor may recommend surgical removal. The surgery is usually done with local anesthesia or spinal anesthesia and the excess of hemorrhoid tissue is removed.
– Hemorrhoid stapling
Hemorrhoid stapling is also called stapled hemorrhoidopexy and in this treatment, the blood flow to hemorrhoid affected tissue is stopped and this is generally done in case of internal hemorrhoids.
– Hemorrhoid banding
Hemorrhoid banding also known as rubber band litigation is the non-surgical treatment for hemorrhoid relief. Banding is done in two ways, the traditional banding, where hemorrhoid affected tissue is pulled away from the anal wall and then a rubber band is placed around the tissue, the endoscopic banding, where an anoscope is inserted inside the anus and the band is placed with the help of the anoscope.
– Infrared coagulation
This treatment technique is especially used for hemorrhoids that are small to medium in size. In this method, an anoscope is inserted inside the anus and infrared light is used on the affected tissue by means of this anoscope. This causes the affected blood vessels to shrink and later scar tissues will be formed in its place.
This is another therapy in which an anoscope with a probe is inserted inside the anus and electric current is applied in hemorrhoid affected tissue to cause a chemical reaction. This causes the hemorrhoid tissue to scar and shrink.
This is another partially invasive technique that makes use of an anoscope. Once the anoscope is inserted inside the anus, it is used to insert a chemical inside hemorrhoid affected tissue, resulting in shrinking and scarring.